Teenage skin can be very sensitive and needs special care. Various skin problems can occur as a reaction to hormonal changes. Body and skincare are particularly important during this time. We’ll tell you what you can do to make your skin look clear and even again.
Almost every teenager is affected by skin blemishes or acne during puberty. Boys tend to be more common and severe than girls. This is due to the fact that various sex hormones are formed at an average age of eleven. Some of these hormones are called androgens. Their main representative is testosterone. Androgens not only stimulate the growth of body hair, increase muscle and bone mass and cause “voice breaks” in boys, but they also have direct effects on the skin.
The increased release of sex hormones (both boys and girls) stimulates the sebaceous glands to secrete more sebum and fat. Therefore, the so-called T-zone often shines. However, if the excess oil and sebum cannot drain away, the pores become clogged and bacteria can take hold. This leads to acne breakouts, pimples, and blackheads. The areas often become inflamed, the skin is red, swollen, and painful.
If your skin is prone to blemishes and severe acne breakouts, we recommend that you consult a doctor or dermatologist about the causes and effective treatment options. A consistent skincare routine can be supportive and also improve the appearance of the skin. In the following, we give tips on what this could look like:
1. Thorough cleaning
It is important to cleanse the face thoroughly in the morning and before going to bed. You should also wash your face as soon as possible after sweating. Use a cleanser that suits your skin type to avoid drying out or irritating the skin. Anything too aggressive or rich is not suitable for teenagers. Instead, opt for gentle and light products that can be used every day.
Acne products containing salicylic acid can be very useful for some teenagers because of their antibacterial, anti-inflammatory, and analgesic properties. However, detergents should always be used with caution as they are aggressive and can cause redness and irritation. Anyone suffering from severe acne should consult a dermatologist before using any product.
2. Facial Toner
After cleansing, you should use an aftercare toner to remove any residue. The facial toner dissolves excess oil in the pores and thus prevents the formation of new pimples and blackheads. Avoid products with alcohol here, otherwise, the inflammation can be further irritated.
To avoid clogged pores, you can exfoliate the skin at least once a week. Exfoliating is a great way to remove dead skin cells from the skin’s surface, reduce shine and stimulate sebum drainage. Again, do not use aggressive or coarse-grained scrubs. These can damage the skin and make skin problems worse.
4. Face Cream
A moisturizer should be applied after cleansing. Make sure that the cream is not too greasy and has a matting effect if necessary. Some face creams and gels have an antibacterial effect as well as a nourishing effect. This is perfect as a make-up base.