It is not out of place to be bothered about certain things every once in a while. Most times, you’ll be on your toes when a family member of yours is not home after a certain hour, or when your car breaks down in the middle of nowhere. These are just a few out of the many occurrences that can get you really worried and restless.
When a little overboard, or when it seems like it is becoming an uphill task to put it under control, it can be termed a disorder.
What can we then say is anxiety?
It is persistent fear and worries about situations in everyday life. It can also be termed as the manifestations of fearful reactions to different experiences.
Anxiety disorder can be of several types, some of which include;
- Panic disorder:
This is characterized by a sudden outburst of fear or panic especially when there is no apparent cause or reason.
This is characterized by a display of persistent and excessive fear towards a particular thing e.g water, holes, heights, enclosed spaces, large objects, crowds, etc
- Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD):
This is the delay or failure to get over or recover from an extremely terrifying event. This may go on for weeks, months, or even years.
- Separation anxiety:
This is most common among children when they are separated from their parents. This can make them reluctant to go to school or anywhere else. This disorder can also occur in anyone who has lost a loved one, or someone who is overwhelmed with the fear of being kidnapped.
Mental Symptoms could include nightmares, repeated flashbacks, hallucinations, obsessive thoughts, lack of concentration, irritability, headaches, sleep problems, cold sweating, etc
- Emotional or physical abuse
People who grew up in, or have been exposed to emotional or physical abuse usually suffer anxiety for long periods. Abuse may come in terms of brutality, exploitation, rape, harsh manner of speech, attempted murder, toxic relationships, etc. This makes them live with scars that are very difficult to heal.
- Sad experiences that may have occurred in the past
This could be an experience of molestation, kidnapping, robbery, or the death of a dear one. Most people who have passed through sad and hard times may find themselves in such a mental state, especially having a fear that such an occurrence may repeat itself.
Whenever you busy yourself with too many thoughts, there are high chances that you’ll suffer anxiety and depression if not put under control. Getting buried in your thoughts to the point of losing touch with what goes on around you means you need help.
- Fear of the unknown/ fear of the future
Some people are so worried about a tomorrow that they are not even sure of. They always surround themselves with a mental atmosphere of fear of what tomorrow brings and this does not have any positive effect on them in the long run.
HOW TO DEAL WITH ANXIETY
- Anti-anxiety medications
Currently, the top 5 anti-anxiety medications are Lexapro, Zoloft, Paxil, Luvox, and Celexa. These medications are proven to be highly effective with a profile of solid safety but it is important to consult your medical practitioner for proper drug prescription.
Tricyclic antidepressants (TCAs) may be quite useful in case of no visible relief. Some of them include Elavil, Tofranil, Pamelor, etc.
Beta-blockers are effective in anxiety treatment and improvement is visible in as soon as an hour. Some of them are Sectral, Inderal, Lopressor, Coreg, etc.
- Psychotherapy or counseling
Psychotherapy or counseling comes in 4 major forms which are Cognitive Behavioural Therapy, Dialectal Behavioural Therapy, Psychodynamic Therapy, and Experiential/Humanistic Therapy.
This involves the treatment of mental health issues and disorders by talking with a mental health provider. It gives you more knowledge about your condition, feelings, and behaviors.
Apart from other medical treatments, something you need to begin practicing is to Live a very healthy lifestyle Most people are in a hurry to smoke away from their anxiety or get drunk to keep their minds away from their fears. Well, that shouldn’t be you, because you’ll be compounding your problems instead of solving them.
Go out on a picnic or do anything that can help you relax. Exercise regularly and make sure you feed well.
Also Read: Best Ways To Beat Down Your Blood Pressure
Make sure you also;
- Limit caffeine intake
- Remove yourself from situations or circumstances that can be potential triggers.
- Join support groups
Always speak up when you are not okay, you’ll be able to get some help before the matter worsens. There are many mental health providers and therapists that are ready to give you all the help you need so don’t hesitate.
Most importantly, always try to be happy and be at peace with yourself by doing the things you love most.