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Itchy Scalp? Here’s Why

Itchy Scalp Here Why

Itchy scalp is also known as Scalp pruritus. Among many hair issues people face, it seems to top the chart. Getting relief starts from knowing the actual cause.

Here are some of the reasons;

Dandruff

This is one of the popular causes of an itchy scalp. It causes the skin of the scalp to flake. It can occur on an oily scalp but gets worse when the scalp is dry. It is not really something that requires raising an alarm, but it can be very difficult to treat in serious cases.

Treatment;

  • Coconut oil: Research has shown that coconut oil is a good moisturizer for dry and itchy scalp.
  • Aloe vera gel: The antifungal properties of this, help to reduce dandruff symptoms.
  • Tea-tree oil: It reduces the growth of yeast on the scalp.
  • Medicated shampoo: Using a medicated shampoo for hair wash has significant results in the treatment of dandruff and its effect is long-lasting. These shampoos must contain selenium and zinc.

Reaction to a hair product

All in a bid to use a variety of products that can make your hair look good and nice, you may end up using some products that have adverse effects on your scalp. Allergic reactions mostly occur among people who dye their hair. There is a chemical in dyes that can cause such reactions. It is known as Para-phenylenediamine.

Treatment:

The best way to handle this is to discontinue usage of those hair products and the dyes if you experience such allergies.

Lice

When someone has head lice for the first time, itching occurs after 4-6 weeks. The allergic reaction to louse bites is what causes the scalp to itch. In most situations, the person can actually feel the movements of the lice on the scalp.

Treatment:

The treatment for this is to use Benzyl alcohol lotion. It is applied to dry hair and washed off after 15 minutes. This process is to be repeated after 7 days to make sure that the already laid eggs of lice (nits) are completely killed. Other lotions that are also very effective include Ivermectin and Malathion.

Kindly consult your dermatologist before embarking on the use of any of the aforementioned lotions to know if you’re eligible and the one that will work better for your age range.

Furthermore, the discomfort that comes with head lice is not something you may want to experience again. So, be sure to keep your hair items as personal as possible and don’t go using someone else’s.

Ringworm (Tinea capitis)

As opposed to popular assumptions, ringworm is not caused by worms. Instead, it is given the name due to its circular appearance. It causes scaly, bald, and itchy patches on the scalp.

Treatment:

Lotions, Creams, or Powders don’t affect ringworm. The best thing to do is to get a prescription for an antifungal medication that would be taken orally within 3 months.
Avoid moist conditions. Treatment of ringworm is hastened in dry conditions.

Psoriasis

This is caused by immune dysfunction or streptococcus infections. It comprises red scales that extend beyond the hairline to the neck or behind the ears.

Treatment:

Apply products that can help soften scales and make them fall off.
Wash the scalp using a salicylic acid-based shampoo.
Limit hairstyles that are tight at the root of your hair to avoid hair loss.
Medications like Psoriatic, Dovonex, Enstillar Foam, Tazorac, etc are vitamin-based creams, foams, or gels that are effective in treating psoriasis. It is important to talk with your doctor to know the methods and dosages for application.

Alopecia areata

This scalp condition comes with itchiness and tingling. It causes tufts of hair to fall off resulting in patches of baldness. This condition arises when the immune system begins to attack healthy hair follicles. It is mainly hereditary from a family history of people who have diabetes or arthritis.

Treatment:

The treatment of this condition is when the underlying sickness is treated.

Poor hair care

When you don’t care for your hair in the way you should, your scalp will likely itch. That’s its way of communicating to you that some nutrients it requires are no longer sufficient.
Moreover, dust, dirt, and sweat settle on the scalp so you ought to wash your scalp as regularly as expected. Pamper it with the right products.

General Remedies For Itchy Scalp

  1. Apple Cider Vinegar:

This substance has anti-inflammatory and antibacterial properties. Dilute it in warm water and use it as a rinse after shampooing.

  1. Peppermint Oil:

Dilute it with olive oil and massage it into the scalp before shampooing.

  1. Get Ketoconazole shampoos:

They reduce Malassezia yeast which can multiply on the scalp to cause psoriasis. However, they are not to be used on swollen skin or open sores.

Best over-the-counter shampoos for itchy scalp include Pyrithione zinc shampoo, Selenium Sulphide shampoo, and Coal tar shampoo.

Now you know these, treat that itchy scalp accordingly.

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