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What you need to know about cancer

What you need to know about cancer

The world has a lot on her hands, ranging from economic issues to political issues, to societal issues and the top on her list of things to deal with is the rapid rise and spread of diseases.

Now here is this disease that has widowed many women and vice versa and also ushered children into the life of being orphans. Its diagnosis has pushed many into having sleepless nights, poor feeding habits, depression, and many other things. This brings us to the big question.

What exactly is cancer?

It is a disease that comes as a result of uncontrollable growth and multiplication of abnormal cells in the body.

Cancer Causes

  • Exposure to chemicals and toxic compounds:

Cadmium, Nickel, Asbestos, and Tobacco contain an average of 66 carcinogenic toxins and chemicals.

  • Gene mutation:

Some cancers have been linked to human genetics and they include; skin, ovarian, colorectal, breast, and prostate cancers.

  • Human genetics:

If cancer seems to take turns in your family history or lineage, then you may likely be next. On these grounds, it is very important to talk with your doctor about it.

  • Exposure to pathogenic substances:

Hepatitis B and C viruses, Human papillomavirus, and many other bacteria have been found to be possible agents.

  • Exposure to ionizing radiation:

Radon, Uranium, X-rays, alpha, beta, and gamma rays have the extreme possibility of causing these diseases in a person who has been exposed to them for over a certain period.


Research has shown that there are about 200 types of cancer and still counting. Therefore signs and symptoms are dependent on the specific grade and type of cancer.

Some general cancer signs and symptoms generally include;

Fever, fatigue, hair loss, cough, skin changes, pain, night sweats, growths or lumps on the body, etc.

If you seem to be experiencing inexplicable symptoms, there are doctors you can run to.

The most common cancers in women are colorectal, lung, and breast cancers.

In men, the most common cases are colorectal, lung, and prostate cancers.

In Children, the most common cases are lymphoma, leukemia, and brain tumors.


Treatment of this disease is dependent on its type and how advanced it is. The most prevalent treatment methods include;

  1. Surgery: It is used to cut out and completely remove all the malignant cells ensuring that they all are gone.
  2. Chemotherapy: It is used to lower the likelihood of the cancer spreading by using medications to shrink or kill the rapidly dividing cells.
  3. Bone marrow (Stem cell) transplant: This method is mainly used for the treatment of leukemia. It repairs diseased bone marrows with healthy stem cells. It is done hand-in-hand with chemotherapy because it allows doctors to use higher levels of chemotherapy to kill cancer cells.
  4. Hormone therapy: This therapy is used to deprive certain cancers of the hormones they rely on to multiply. It is suitable for prostate and breast cancers.
  5. Radiation therapy: This is when powerful beams of radiation are focused on cancer cells to kill them. It is of two types; brachytherapy (the type of radiation therapy done inside your body) and external beam radiation (the type of radiation therapy done outside your body).

Popularly Asked Questions:

  1. What are the deadliest cancers worldwide?
    Well, they are lung cancer, liver cancer, and colorectal cancer.
  2. What cancers can be cured?
    They are prostate cancer, testicular cancer, melanoma, breast cancer, thyroid cancer, and early-stage breast cancer.
  3. Can stress cause cancer?
    Over the years, research has been carried out to check the answer to this question and findings have shown that there is no link between stress and cancer.
  4. Can cancer in its 4th stage be cured?
    Sadly, cancer at such a stage is too advanced for any form of treatment. It can only be managed.
  5. How can one avoid cancer?
    The answer to this question is discussed here below.

Preventive Measures

Knowing factors that accelerate the chances of you becoming a cancer patient will help you know what to do and things to avoid.

  1. Drop the cigarette
  2. Limit your intake of processed foods
  3. Normalise having balanced meals
  4. Quit excessive alcohol intake
  5. Maintain good and moderate body weight
  6. Avoid anything that will bring you in contact with harmful radiation
  7. Get vaccinated against viral infections.

Bonus Tip: Always go for screenings. It helps detect cancer in its early stage when it is easier to treat! This is due to the fact that some cancers cannot be cured when they advance to a higher stage.

1 Comment

1 Comment

  1. Grace

    June 8, 2022 at 10:12 pm

    This was truly helpful….thank you so much

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